Emotional Freedom Technique

[headline_georgia_medium_centered color=”#000000″]Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT)[/headline_georgia_medium_centered]
Emotional Freedom Techniques
Alternative medicine / fringe therapies
Claims Tapping on meridian points on the body, derived from [2]
Related fields Energy medicine
Year proposed 1993
Original proponents Gary Craig
Subsequent proponents Silvia Hartmann
See also Tapas Acupressure Technique

EFT-tapping points[citation needed]

Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) is a form of counseling intervention that draws on various theories of alternative medicine including acupuncture, neuro-linguistic programming, energy medicine, and Thought Field Therapy. During an EFT session, the client will focus on a specific issue while tapping on “end points of the body’s energy meridians“.[1]

A review found that claims about efficacy of EFT may be attributable to the well known techniques used with EFT rather than manipulation of energy and encouraged psychologists to be wary of such energy techniques.[6]


According to the EFT manual, the procedure consists of the participant rating the emotional intensity of their reaction on a Subjective Units of Distress Scale (SUDS) (a Likert scale for subjective measures of distress, calibrated 0-10) then repeating an orienting affirmation while rubbing or tapping specific points on the body. Some practitioners incorporate eye movements or other tasks. The emotional intensity is then rescored and repeated until no changes are noted in the emotional intensity.[1]


A 2009 review found “methodological flaws” in some research studies that had reported “small successes” for EFT and the related Tapas Acupressure Technique. The review concluded that positive results may be “attributable to well-known cognitive and behavioral techniques that are included with the energy manipulation. Psychologists and researchers should be wary of using such techniques, and make efforts to inform the public about the ill effects of therapies that advertise miraculous claims.”[3]

There is no evidence that [4]


  1. ^ http://www.spiritual-web.com/downloads/eftmanual.pdf. Retrieved 2011-05-03.
  2. ^ http://lifeandhealth.guardian.co.uk/wellbeing/story/0,,2009525,00.html. Retrieved 2009-06-29.
  3. ^ 22122622.
  4. ^ http://www.csicop.org/si/show/can_we_really_tap_our_problems_away_a_critical_analysis_of_thought_field_th/. Retrieved 2011-12-12.
  5. ^ Emotional Freedom Techniques, The Skeptic’s Dictionary
  6. ^ 978-0-393-06661-6. “”Scientists are still unable to find a shred of evidence to support the existence of meridians or Ch’i” (p72), “The traditional principles of acupuncture are deeply flawed, as there is no evidence at all to demonstrate the existence of Ch’i or meridians” (p107), “Acupuncture points and meridians are not a reality, but merely the product of an ancient Chinese philosophy” (p387).”

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